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Linux - Crash course for admins
One week and everything included - that is the vision of this newly designed Linux seminar for prospective administrators. The seminar is self-contained and complete and covers all topics that are of interest for the administration of a server.

The selection of topics deliberately excludes typical desktop topics such as the graphical user interface, KDE and GNOME and instead covers network topics including NFS, SAMBA and Apache configuration and administration with SSH. Thus the participants learn not only basic knowledge, but know afterwards also, how they use Linux for the most important applications practically. All topics covered in the training are basically independent of a specific Linux distribution and apply equally to SuSE, Red Hat, Debian, Ubuntu and other distributions - even if the lecturer occasionally addresses special features of one or the other distribution when necessary.

Benefits
Knowledge of all important and common commands and configuration files
Understanding of the boot process and possible restart
Ability to administrate Linux system on command line independent of the used distribution
Ability to integrate Linux system into a network
Ability to find and eliminate errors in a targeted manner
Ability to configure and operate file services NFS, Samba and Apache
Ability to administer Linux systems remotely via SSH - even from Windows
Course content
Introduction

Very brief outline of the history of Linux
What makes Linux an operating system?
Login on the command line
The command line

General structure of a command line
Tips and tricks for comfortable editing in the command line
Save time by selectively fetching previous commands
Automatic completion of commands and file names
Calling online help: man
Files and directories

Structure of file and path names under Linux
List, create and remove directories
Create and delete files
Copy, move and rename files
Use file jokers (* and ?)
The meaning of various special characters
Symbolic links (What is this? The command ln)
Text files

Display text files comfortably with cat and less
Compare text files with diff
Editing with the Emacs-like text editor jmacs
Editing with the classic Unix editor vi
Search and find

Search texts in files with grep
Search files by name and other attributes with find
The Linux directory structure
The file system standard FHS (what is where?)
Input/output redirection, filters, pipes

How do pipes work (classic Unix method of linking commands)
smart tricks, what you can do with pipes
Link commands by command substitution (e.g. automatically insert a date into a file name)
Data backup with tar and gzip

Pack directories with the standard archive format tar
Compressing archives and single files with gzip
Users, groups and permissions

Concept of users and groups under Linux
Commands for managing users and groups (useradd, userdel, groupadd, etc.)
File attributes and permission on files
Hard drives, partitions and file systems

How Linux manages devices (files in /dev)
Partition hard drives with fdisk
File systems under Linux (ext3, reiserfs, Windows file systems etc.)
Commands for managing file systems (view, format, space consumption, etc.)
The file /etc/fstab
Processes

How Linux manages processes
Show processes with ps, top and pstree
Killing processes with kill and killall
Start and manage background processes (job control of BASH)
Boot process and cron

The boot process of Linux in detail
How to customize the boot process
Starting and stopping system services
Execute periodic tasks automatically using cron
Network basics

Ethernet and LAN under Linux
Setting up network cards
Ethernet diagnostics
Setting up IP addresses
Routing under Linux

Routing diagnostics, the modern command ip route
Diagnosis of routing problems with ping, traceroute and other methods
Name resolution: the files /etc/hosts and /etc/resolv.conf
NFS server and client

Basics of NFS, the Network File System
Sharing directories
Mount NFS shares of other computers
Error diagnosis of NFS
SSH - SecureShell

Secure and high-performance remote login
Copy files via SSH
Execute commands on Linux computers automatically via SSH without entering a password
SAMBA server and client

Basics of SAMBA, the system that allows Linux to be integrated into a Windows network
Setting up a SAMBA server that shares directories for Windows
Anonymous read access without passwords
Browsing (search and find computers and shares)
access to Windows shares from Linux
Der WWW server Apache

Basics of Apache and the WWW and HTTP
Setting up fully functional Apache web server
global configuration options
Configure and evaluate error and access logs